Tree Preservation Orders and Trees in Conservation Areas
What are Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs)?
Tree Preservation Orders (TPOs) enable the council to protect important trees.
They can be placed on any tree, group of trees or woodland that has significant amenity value.
Trees that are exempt from TPOs are those that are:
Tree Preservation Orders prohibit:
- Cutting down
- Topping and lopping*
- Wilful damage or destruction
*Removal of dead wood may be exempt. Contact the council to check this (contact details are below).
Application forms and guidance
Help in making an application can be found via **
Doing work without the council’s consent is an offence.
If convicted by a magistrate, the maximum penalty is £20,000. Crown courts can impose unlimited fines.
The council’s policy
- We will investigate threat to trees.
- We make temporary orders if the tree has significant amenity value.
- These orders allow for discussion over a period of six months.
- We will usually decide whether to make the temporary order permanent within this period.
Protected trees must be replaced if removed without consent, or:
- If a tree is dead or dangerous
- The council can make people put trees back by serving a notice on them
- If the council decides to allow the removal of a TPO tree it may require a replacement
The original TPO will apply to trees which replace ones that have been removed without consent.
The council will protect the tree(s) by using planning conditions or, by modifying/remaking the TPO.
Trees in Conservation Areas
- Nearly all trees in conservation areas are protected.
- Anyone wishing to fell a tree or carry out works to a tree in a conservation area must give the council six weeks written notice.
- The council then checks if the tree is covered by a TPO, or whether to make a TPO to protect the tree from future works.
- It is an offence to start works without the council’s consent. This could result in a penalty as stated above.
- If a tree is dead or in a dangerous condition consent is not always required. Except in an emergency, the council will normally expect to be given five days notice of removing these trees.
- If someone removes a tree in a conservation area without permission, or because it is dead or in a dangerous condition, they must replace it.