What is Caldicott?
The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) governs the way in which we handle and use the personal information of the people who use our services and who work for us. The Caldicott Principles underpin Data Protection legislation. There are seven principles and they are specific to Health and Social Care Services. Our Caldicott Plan [PDF, 641Kb] provides further information.
In response to growing concern about the ways patient information was used in the NHS, the Chief Medical Officer of England and Wales commissioned a review to look into the use of information and confidentiality. The review was chaired by Dame Fiona Caldicott.
This resulted in the Caldicott Report that was published in December 1997 highlighting six key principles that health and, later, social care authorities incorporated into their practice.
In April 2013 the follow up to the Caldicott Report, ‘The Information Governance Review’ was published. This review was commissioned to “ensure that there is an appropriate balance between the protection of patient information and the use and sharing of information to improve patient care”. This review was again chaired by Dame Fiona Caldicott and became informally known as the Caldicott 2 Review.
Caldicott 2 resulted in a refresh of the existing six principles plus the addition of a seventh principle, along with 26 recommendations.
Caldicott 3 followed reviewing data security, consent and opt-outs.
The original Caldicott Report recommended that all health and social care authorities appoint a Caldicott Guardian to be responsible for overseeing all procedures that affect access to person-identifiable information. This includes Records Management, General Data Protection Regulation Subject Access Requests and Information Sharing. The Caldicott Guardian has a role in ensuring that the Caldicott Principles are adhered to.
The Caldicott Guardians for Social Services are:
- Tom Hewis, Principal Social Work, Children’s Services
- Wendy Lawtey, Principal Manager, Adult Services
The Caldicott Guardian for Public Health is:
- Penny Spring, Director of Public Health