Careers, Information, Advice and Guidance

Most young people stay on in full-time education after year 11. This can be:

  • at a further education college (such as North Lindsey College)
  • at a sixth form college (such as John Leggott College) or
  • in a school sixth form (such as Sir John Nelthorpe, the Vale Academy or South Axholme)

There are lots of courses on offer at different levels:

  • general or academic courses such as A levels or GCSEs in subjects you will be familiar with from school. These include English, mathematics, biology or geography as well as new subjects you may not have studied before – for example politics, photography or geology
  • vocational courses in employment sectors – for example construction, health and social care or business, as well as courses for specific jobs such as hairdressing, plastering or motor vehicles

The new study programme for 16 to 19 year olds consists of around 600 learning hours per academic year (540 minimum). It contains either an academic programme or a substantial vocational qualification. It includes a mixture of qualification and non-qualification. For example tutorial and work experience hours.

Learners who haven’t yet achieved GCSE Grade 4 in English and Maths at 16 will continue to study these subjects. They will do this by taking functional skills or similar provision to enable them to work towards their GCSE achievement.

Further information

If you are in year 11 now you will have to be in some kind of recognised education or training until at least your 18th birthday. No one will be forced to stay at school and there are lots of choices including part-time education or training alongside work. This will involve working towards a nationally recognised qualification as well as being employed, self-employed or volunteering for 20 hours or more a week. For more information visit raising the participation age.

If you are unemployed and looking for work or training, the following sections can help you.

If you know what your favourite subjects are, or which A levels and vocational courses you are thinking of taking. But still you aren’t sure where it could lead, take a look at our “what I could do with” information below:

Art and Design [PDF, 75Kb]

Biology [PDF, 74Kb]

Business Studies [PDF, 159Kb]

Chemistry [PDF, 74Kb]

Construction [PDF, 159Kb]

Design and Technology [PDF, 74Kb]

Engineering [PDF, 159Kb]

English [PDF, 74Kb]

Environment Studies [PDF, 159Kb]

Geography [PDF, 74Kb]

Hair and Beauty [PDF, 159Kb]

Health and Social Care [PDF, 159Kb]

History [PDF, 75Kb]

Hospitality [PDF, 159Kb]

Humanities [PDF, 74Kb]

Information Technology [PDF, 74Kb]

Languages [PDF, 74Kb]

Maths [PDF, 73Kb]

Media Studies [PDF, 159Kb]

Performing Arts [PDF, 128Kb]

Physics [PDF, 74Kb]

Public and Uniformed Services [PDF, 159Kb]

Retail Business [PDF, 159Kb]

Science  [PDF, 75Kb]

Social Sciences [PDF, 159Kb]

Sport and Active Leisure [PDF, 159Kb]

Travel and Tourism [PDF, 159Kb]

Deciding whether to take A / AS subjects is a complicated and important task.

The Options at 16 [PDF, 1Mb] will help you to consider some of the main issues.

If you want to find information on over 750 jobs, and make sure you have the right skills and qualifications, visit the Job Profiles section on the National Careers Service Website. You can also find out about what the work would be like, the average salary you could expect and what the career prospects are.

Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS)

UCAS is a central organisation which processes applications for full-time undergraduate courses at UK Universities and Colleges. For more information visit the UCAS website

GAP Year

Gap Year is a website providing information and help about GAP year activities

Student Finance

Student Finance England provides information on what student finance is available and how to apply.

University and Higher Education

The University and Higher Education portal provides information to help students decide whether to enter higher education. It covers institutions, courses, financial advice, the application process and student life.

Keep on Learning – information for parents/carers

Raising the Participation Age (RPA) came into effect from summer 2013. This now affects all young people leaving school.

What is RPA?

The Government is raising the age at which young people are required to participate in education or training.

If they are currently in Year 11 or below, they will have to continue until at least their 18th birthday.

This does not necessarily mean they will have to stay on at school after Year 11. They will still be able to work full-time if they choose to. They will have a choice about how they want to participate post-16. This could be through:

  • full-time education, such as school or college
  • work-based learning such as an Apprenticeship
  • part-time education or training if they are employed, self employed or volunteering for 20 hours or more a week

Why make this change?

The Government wants to give all young people the opportunity to develop the skills they need for adult life and to achieve their full potential.

Participating in learning for longer means young people are more likely to get the skills and qualifications that will open doors to future employment. It will help them make the most of their potential and earn more over their lifetime.

Evidence shows that not being in education, employment or training at age 16-18 means young people are more likely to be unemployed, earn less, have a criminal record and suffer from poor health and depression over their lifetime.

What does this mean for you?

The legal requirement to participate will be on your son or daughter. At 16, young people should be starting to make, and take responsibility for, the decisions that affect their future.

However, we also know that your children look to you for advice and support as they make these decisions. We know that you will want to do all you can to

Support your children to make the right decision for them as they choose between their education and training options

Making choices about education and training can be a challenge, so your child will receive support to help them choose well. The careers information they will receive includes options information from school and online resources. Your child will receive careers advice and guidance from many people, including their subject teachers, careers co-ordinators or careers advisers. This will help them to think through their ideas and weigh up the pros and cons of different options.

Schools and colleges have a duty to provide access to independent and impartial careers guidance for their students from year 8.

The council’s careers and progression team now works with students from year 9 onwards with an Education, Health and Care plan. We also work with young people who have left education and are NEET.

If your son or daughter needs access to careers information and guidance you should speak to their school / college or contact us.

If you are in year 11 you can apply for post 16 opportunities using the online application:

Post 16 Online Application – Lincs4U

A copy of the application form will be sent to the institutions you select.

When the institution receives your application they will send you an acknowledgement and you will be offered an interview at each institution that you apply to.

Every student who completes an application form is guaranteed an interview.