The aim of central Government is to ensure that 90 per cent of suitable brownfield sites have planning permission for housing by 2020.
To achieve this Government require all Local Planning Authorities to produce a brownfield register.
Only sites that meet the Government’s definition of brownfield land will be considered:
‘Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land (although it should not be assumed that the whole of the curtilage should be developed) and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.’
- land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings
- land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal by landfill purposes where provision for restoration has been made through development control procedures
- land in built-up areas such as private residential gardens, parks, recreation grounds and allotments
- land that was previously-developed but where the remains of the permanent structure or fixed surface structure have blended into the landscape in the process of time
To be considered suitable for housing, sites must meet the above definition of brownfield land and must be:
- available (either in the short term within five years or in the medium term between six and 10 years)
- capable of accommodating five or more dwellings or more than 0.25 hectares – although smaller sites may also be considered
- capable of development, for example, suitable for residential use and free from constraints that cannot be mitigated