When we recycle, the materials are reprocessed into new products, and as a result the amount of rubbish sent to landfill or incineration reduces. It also reduces the need to use natural resources such as wood, coal and oil.
Recycling materials uses much less energy than producing new products which requires extracting, refining, transporting and processing raw materials.
As recycling saves energy it also reduces greenhouse gas emissions, which helps to tackle climate change. Current UK recycling is estimated to save more than 18 million tonnes of CO2 a year – the equivalent to taking five million cars off the road.